What is Endometrial Cancer?

Endometrial Cancer

The endometrium is the inner lining of a woman’s uterus. This is where endometrial or uterine cancer begins. All cancers start when abnormal cells begin to multiply out of control. Endometrial cancer is one of the most common forms of gynecologic cancers to affect women. This type of cancer usually starts with vaginal bleeding so it is more often discovered in the early stages. It isn’t known exactly what causes this type ofcancer except that a genetic mutation may occur that can change healthy normal cells into abnormal cancer cells. There are some things that put you at risk for endometrial cancer. They include starting your menstrual cycle before 12 years of age, if you’ve never been pregnant, and if you are overweight.

Signs of Endometrial Cancer

If you experience any of these symptoms, see your doctor immediately. Your chances of successfully treating endometrial cancer are better the sooner you find out you have it.

  • Any type of vaginal bleeding that occurs after menopause is usually a sign that something is wrong.
  • If you are not menopausal, bleeding in between your periods should be checked out.
  • Pain in your pelvic region could be a sign or endometrial cancer.
  • Check painful intercourse if it keeps occurring.
  • Make sure to see your doctor right away if you have an unusual bloody or watery discharge from your vagina.

Treatment Options

In order to properly diagnose endometrial cancer your doctor will perform a pelvic exam to feel the condition of the uterus and ovaries. An ultrasound will give your doctor the chance to check the condition of the endometrium to make sure that nothing else is wrong instead. A lighted scope may also be used to get a clearer picture of the uterus. Another option is a biopsy that can be done right in your doctor’s office.

  • Surgery for removal of the uterus is the most recommended option. This procedure is called a hysterectomy. It may not be advised if you’ve never had any children. This procedure will send you into menopause.
  • Radiation therapy will target the cancer cells with high energy beams like the ones used for X-rays.
  • Hormone therapy is suggested if your cancer has advanced. Reducing the level of estrogen while increasing the amount of progesterone. Estrogen increases the cancer cells while progesterone helps prevent them from growing.
  • Chemotherapy drugs are used to kill the cancer cells that may have moved beyond the uterus.

There might be some natural relief for some cases of Endometrial Cancer, Hopefully You have a better understanding about what Endometrial Cancer is and what treatment options are available.