What is Prostate Cancer?

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer formation, what is prostate cancer.

Prostate and nearby organs – image released into the public domain by the US National Cancer Institute

Prostate cancer is one cancer that only affects men. The prostate is a small gland that is about the size of a walnut that is responsible for producing the fluid required to transport and nourish sperm. Prostate cancer is one of the most usual forms of cancer for men. It is a slow growing cancer and if it stays within the prostate gland it is often not serious. If its growth remains slow it may not need any treatment or minimal at best. But it is when the cancer is more aggressive and begins to spread that serious problems may occur.

Signs of Prostate Cancer

You may not have any symptoms if the cancer is in its early stages. Regular prostate screening is advised in order to catch it before it becomes a problem.  If it is becoming more advanced you may experience any of the following:

  • Problems urinating
  • Finding blood in your urine
  • Finding blood in your semen
  • Low stream of urine
  • Pain in your pelvic area
  • Swollen legs

Treatment Options

Once your prostate cancer has been diagnosed treatment options will be determined. The factors that are considered in selecting treatment options are how far the cancer has spread, how fast is it spreading, and what your general health is. The level of the prostate cancer also helps to determine the most effective treatments.

  • If you are lucky enough to have found your prostate cancer early enough you may not need treatment at this time. You will have to keep an eye on this cancer with regular checks, occasional biopsies, and possibly a rectal exam.
  • If your prostate cancer has spread and/or advanced, you may consider radiation to kill the cancer cells.
  • Outside radiation is implemented by the use of X-rays.  As you lie on a table the radiation targets your prostate to eradicate the bad cells. This treatment generally takes several weeks at five days a week.
  • Inside radiation is where tiny radioactive seeds are placed in the tissues of your prostate. The seeds give off a time release of radiation until there is none left. The seeds do not need to be removed.
  • Hormone therapy consists of stopping the testosterone in your body as the cancer cells in your prostate need it to grow.
  • Surgery to remove the testicles and/or the prostate.
  • Chemotherapy, which incorporates the use of strong drugs to kill the cancer cells in the prostate.

Hopefully This article has helped you learn about what prostate cancer is and what cancer treatment options are available.